Ozone is a naturally occurring gas that contains 3 atoms of oxygen versus 2 atoms in a normal oxygen molecule. So, you can think of it as a “supercharged oxygen”. This extra atom of oxygen acts as a hunter, killing pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Healthy cells are enveloped with an enzyme coating consisting of antioxidants that prevent them from being penetrated by ozone. Bacteria and viruses lack this protective coating. When subjected to ozone therapy, the cell wall of bacteria is disrupted, making it vulnerable to oxidation of the phospholipids and lipoproteins. This peroxidation process interrupts the reproductive cycle of viruses, and in the case of fungi, ozone inhibits cell growth. Destruction of the cell membrane of pathogens results in a disinfecting and sterilizing effect.
Like oxygen, ozone is also a gas. It is that fresh clean smell that you find at high altitudes and after thunderstorms. Ozone is therefore named after the Greek word Ozein, to smell. Ozone is present all around us in the air that we breathe. It protects us from harmful sunlight.
Because Ozone is also a powerful oxidizing agent, it has been used widely for the past 40 years to purify water systems, swimming pools, as well as the water we drink.
Ozone gas treatment has many applications in the field of health and can help to treat many problems, either as an individual treatment or combined with other conventional medicines.
The benefits of ozone on the body include strengthening the immune system, stimulating white blood cells, preventing infections and immune system deficiencies by destroying fungi, bacteria and viruses. It also helps to counteract cell mutations, thereby preventing some types of cancer.
It helps red blood cells to transport oxygen and improves circulation and general cell function. As well as being a powerful antioxidant, it helps to eliminate toxins.
IS OZONE TOXIC?
Anything, including water and oxygen, is toxic if given in amounts that exceed the body’s capacity to utilize it. Ozone is found naturally in the body. The white cells make it as part of the immune response. Pure medical grade ozone, when it is used according to the established medical guidelines, has a safety record that is unparalleled.
OZONE USE IN DENTISTRY
Ozone for dental therapies is administered to patients in three different forms: gas, water and oil.
Ozone gas is created by taking pure medical grade oxygen and electrically charging it through a generator. It is delivered to the patient via a handpiece fitted with a small cannula, a small cup, or by injection into tissues.
Ozonated water is used in water supply bottles to disinfect waterlines that supply ultrasonics, highspeed handpieces, and air/water syringes.
Ozone oil – as ozone gas is bubbled through different types of vegetable oils, ozone gas changes into ozonides. The oil retains its healing properties for many years. Ozone oil is used topically for oral lesions, in periodontal therapy to treat pockets, and after extractions to promote healing.
Topical application of ozone oil to oral lesions such as ulcers, herpes, candidiasis results in healing with no adverse effects.
Unlike many disinfectants available in dentistry, ozone has no side effects such as bad taste or smell and is safe for the environment, making it an excellent treatment modality for every aspect of dentistry.
OZONE FOR CAVITIES
Through the early detection of fissures, root or smooth surface caries, it is sometimes possible to heal completely pain-free, thereby maintaining the maximum healthy tooth structure. 99.9% of the bacteria which cause dental cavities are destroyed by the application of ozone gas to the tooth structure. If decay is already present it must be removed by the dentist. After the excavation of the decay in a tooth, application of ozone will disinfect the portion of the tooth before a filling or crown is placed.
A very important aspect of ozone therapy, like all dental treatment, is the follow up. High quality oral hygiene will need to be maintained. Not properly cleaning the teeth and indulging sugary, fizzy drinks or food will overwhelm all the healing and promote decay on all teeth! This is true of all patients and ozone treated teeth are no exception.
OZONE FOR SENSITIVITY
Tooth sensitivity is a common problem for many patients. Ozone therapy in combination with remineralizing agents, proper alignment of teeth, and a healthy nutrition plan can deactivate the stimulus causing the discomfort.
OZONE FOR PERIODONTAL THERAPY:
The oral environment is a host to many complex bacteria that develop into communities and form a biofilm on solid surfaces. The aim of periodontal therapy is to remove this biofilm. This is done by scaling and root planning and then irrigation with ozonized water. Regular follow ups, usually every 3 months, healthy nutrition plan, proper alignment of teeth, proper airway, and oral hygiene are paramount to maintaining a healthy gum state.
Antibiotics often can make the sinusitis worse in the long run. This is because chronic sinus infections are caused by fungi, not bacteria. Sinusitis can be treated using ozone therapy, antifungal treatments, and proper “nose hygiene”. Proper airway is also a very important factor in sinus health.